C ++ is a high-level, general-purpose programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup That was to be an extension of the C programming language, or the “C with Classes”. C ++ came out in 1983 as a more developed version of the C language. The most current version is C ++ 2017. It has a lot in common with the C language, but its biggest and most important difference is that it is object oriented. The language has expanded significantly over time, and modern C ++ has object-oriented, generic, and functional features, in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.
C ++ Language Features
Object-oriented: C ++ is an object-oriented programming language. This means that the focus is on “objects” and manipulations around them. Information on how these manipulations operate is abstracted out from the consumer of the object.
Rich library support: Many functions, such as a support in a quick code writing, are available through the C ++ Standard Template Library (STL). As an example, there are standard libraries for various containers like sets, maps, hash tables, etc.
Speed: C ++ is the preferred choice when latency is a critical metric. The compilation, as well as the execution time of a C ++ program, is much faster than most other general purpose programming languages.
Compilation: A C ++ code has to be first compiled into a low-level code and then executed, unlike the interpreted programming languages where no compilation is needed.
Pointer Support: C ++ also supports pointers which are widely used in programming and are often not available in several programming languages.
It is one of the most important programming languages because almost all the programs / systems that are used some or most of the codebase written in C / C ++. Be it Windows, be it the photo editing software, be it your favorite game, be it your web browser, -C ++ plays a key role in almost all applications that we use.
Uses / Applications of C ++ Language
- GUI Based Applications
- Database Software
- Operating Systems
- Advanced Computation and Graphics
- Banking Applications
- Cloud / Distributed System
- Embedded Systems
- Enterprise Software